Published: 9 Dec 2016 | By Arpi Avetisyan
The Rainbow Europe Index
Where do Armenia, Russia and Georgia feature?
Since 2009, ILGA-Europe has produced the Rainbow Europe Map and Index each year to document the current legal situation for LGBTI people in Europe and to measure progress at national levels towards achieving full equality. The Rainbow Europe Map 2016 was launched on 10 May 2016 and ranks 49 European countries on a scale of between 0% (gross violations of human rights, discrimination) and 100% (respect of human rights, full equality). The countries are ranked on the basis of their laws and policies that have a direct impact on LGBTI people’s human rights under six categories: equality and non-discrimination; family; bias-motivated speech/violence (including hate crime and speech); legal gender recognition (LGR); freedom of assembly, association and expression; and asylum. The online Rainbow Europe module brings together both the legal index of LGBTI equality based on the Rainbow Europe Map and an overview of the social climate for LGBTI people in each country based on ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the human rights situation of LGBTI people in Europe.
This article outlines the situation for LGBTI people in Armenia, Georgia and Russia by examining their position on the Rainbow Europe Map’s country ranking and by analysing cases submitted to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). It also aims to illustrate the day-to-day impact that legal and policy gaps can have on LGBTI people’s human rights.