Published: 17 Dec 2015
EHRAC Bulletin Winter 2015
Issue 24 of the EHRAC Bulletin is now available online. Please use the links below to read the issue in full.
In December 1994, the Russian army began military operations in Chechnya, the start of what would become a long-standing conflict and the source of many human rights violations. Twenty one years later, the European Court of Human Rights has issued over 300 judgments concerning human rights abuses at the hands of State servicemen in the North Caucasus, but little has been done to bring perpetrators to justice. In her article commemorating the fifteenth anniversary since the massacre in the Chechen town of Novye Aldy, Mariat Imaeva (PhD Candidate, Dublin City University) explores the systemic failures in the investigation into the events of February 2000. Questions of why operations in the North Caucasus have led to such egregious human rights abuses were raised by the UN Human Rights Committee’s recent Concluding Observations on the Russian Federation’s seventh report on its implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which EHRAC Lawyer Kate Levine and our former intern Giada Girelli discuss in their article.
Following the June 2015 landmark judgments in Sargsyan v Azerbaijan and Chiragov and others v Armenia concerning the right to return of refugees and internally displaced people who were victims of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, EHRAC Director Philip Leach analyses how these judgments should now be implemented. Implementation of judgments remains critical to ensuring the effectiveness of the European Court mechanism, and one which the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe recently examined in depth; EHRAC Consultant Ramute Remezaite summarises their findings in her article. Alexandra Ivakhnik (Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights) also focuses on the implementation of a Council of Europe mechanism, discussing the application of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings in Azerbaijan.
Two years have passed since the protests on Independence Square in Kyiv began. In March 2015, the International Advisory Panel, set up by the Council of Europe, published its report on whether investigations into the violence during the protests complied with the European Convention on Human Rights; Nadia Volkova (Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union) summarises their findings. Russia’s annexation of Crimea in March 2014 seems to have been tacitly accepted by the international community; an article by Graham Donnelly (PhD Researcher, University of Glasgow) argues that the lack of criticism has allowed Crimean Tatars’ voice to be silenced.