The 29 applicants were residents of Katyr-Yurt, Chechnya, when Chechen fighters captured it in February 2000. In response, the federal military assaulted the town using aviation bombs, missiles and other weaponry. The bombardment resulted in the death of 24 of the applicants’ relatives and injuries to some of the applicants.
Between 2000 and 2001, an official criminal investigation was carried out by the State in which 11 of the applicants were granted victim status. In March 2002 the military prosecutor’s office terminated the proceedings upon finding that the actions of the federal military had been appropriate, proportionate and in line with applicable laws. However, it was not until 2005 that the applicants learnt that the proceedings had been terminated.
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