Published: 25 Jul 2018 | By Christian De Vos & Roisin Pillay
Law and Practice in the Selection of Human Rights Judges and Commissioners
Strengthening from Within
In national systems, the standards and procedures for the appointment of judges are among the cornerstones on which judicial independence is built; indeed, public confidence in the judiciary depends on this independence. International law and jurisprudence affirm similar requirements for regional human rights courts like the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), yet as a recent report released by the Open Society Justice Initiative and the International Commission of Jurists illustrates, these bodies have often not had the benefit of rigorous standards, or of the transparency that such procedures should demand.
Strengthening from Within: Law and Practice in the Selection of Human Rights Judges and Commissioners (November 2017) focuses on nominations at the national level as a critical point of entry for improving the selection process for regional human rights judges and commissioners. Based on a wide range of interviews with state representatives, civil society advocates, and former or serving human rights regional judges and commissioners, the report is the first to consider judicial appointments from a trans-regional perspective and the first to document the nomination practices of 22 countries in Africa (Algeria, Ethiopia, Ivory
Coast, Mozambique, South Africa, Uganda); the Americas (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Jamaica, Panama, United States of America, Uruguay); and the Council of Europe (Armenia, Austria, Greece, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Norway, Slovak Republic, United Kingdom).