Published: 1 Jun 2005

Protocol 12 to the European Convention


Protocol 12 to the European Convention, which entered into force on 1 April 2005, provides a general prohibition of discrimination, thereby going beyond Article 14 of the Convention. Whilst it has been signed by the Russian Federation, the state has yet to ratify the Protocol.

This article provides a brief outline of the provisions of the Protocol, including its applicability within Russia and the Caucasus. To find out more, click on the link below.